Successes certainly have been:
- Qt - thanks mainly to being used by KDE to bring it right into the developer consciousness. It also helps the design is really quite good.
- wxWidgets - now the community is getting seriously large and active. The comprehensive nature of this library and its maturity helps to draw people in.
- Whatever Microsoft technology they are pushing today - WinForms? Avalon? Sheer commercial brute force will get people dumping whatever they were told to use last time in droves and get them to implement it in Microsoft's Golden Child Of The Moment.
- GTK+ is being used in Gnome. It is certainly well-developed and well-used.
Anyway, to the point of the post... You can check out piles and piles of GUI toolkits here.